Michael A. Ball, DVM, completed an internship in medicine and surgery and an internship in anesthesia at the University of Georgia in 1994, a residency in internal medicine, and graduate work in pharmacology at Cornell University in 1997, and was on staff at Cornell before starting Early Winter Equine Medicine & Surgery located in Ithaca, . He is also an FEI veterinarian and works internationally with the United States Equestrian Team. Ball authored Understanding The Equine Eye , Understanding Basic Horse Care , and Understanding Equine First Aid , published by Eclipse Press and available at or by calling 800/582-5604.
The use of anabolic steroids such as Winstrol may be associated with serious adverse reactions, many of which are dose related. Patients should be placed on the lowest possible effective dose. Medications that may interact with Winstrol include anticoagulants (blood thinners), insulin , or an oral diabetes medicine. Tell your doctor all medications you are taking. Winstrol is known to cause birth defects in a fetus. Do not take this medication if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether Winstrol is excreted in human milk. Many drugs are excreted in human milk and there is the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants from anabolic steroids. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
The most commonly used AAS in medicine are testosterone and its various esters (but most commonly testosterone undecanoate , testosterone enanthate , testosterone cypionate , and testosterone propionate ),  nandrolone esters (most commonly nandrolone decanoate and nandrolone phenylpropionate ), stanozolol , and metandienone (methandrostenolone).  Others also available and used commonly but to a lesser extent include methyltestosterone , oxandrolone , mesterolone , and oxymetholone , as well as drostanolone propionate , metenolone (methylandrostenolone), and fluoxymesterone .  Dihydrotestosterone (DHT; androstanolone, stanolone) and its esters are also notable, although they are not widely used in medicine.  Boldenone undecylenate and trenbolone acetate are used in veterinary medicine .