After a break-in at Causton Museum where an animal skeleton is stolen ex-spy Brenda Packard tells Barnaby that Allenby House, owned by testy ex-spymaster Malcolm Frazer, is a safe house for agents. Geoffrey Larkin, a visiting former agent, has a bitter argument with Frazer, who accuses him of treachery when they were spying in Berlin during the Cold war. Larkin threatens Frazer with a dossier marked 'Wolfman' and next day is murdered, seemingly by a wild animal, the legendary Beast of Midsomer. Frazer's drunkard son Nicky, another ex-spy ,is killed in identical fashion but Barnaby realizes that the 'Beast' is but a cover. The true murderer is seeking revenge for betrayal back in Berlin two decades earlier when they were involved with secrets and spies. Written by don @ minifie-1
Charlemagne 's expansion of the Frankish empire around 800, including northern Italy and Rome, brought on a brief period of stability and unity in Francia . This created opportunities for Jewish merchants to settle again north of the Alps. Charlemagne granted the Jews freedoms similar to those once enjoyed under the Roman Empire . In addition, Jews from southern Italy, fleeing religious persecution, began to move into central Europe. [ citation needed ] Returning to Frankish lands, many Jewish merchants took up occupations in finance and commerce, including money lending, or usury . (Church legislation banned Christians from lending money in exchange for interest .) From Charlemagne's time to the present, Jewish life in northern Europe is well documented. By the 11th century, when Rashi of Troyes wrote his commentaries, Jews in what came to be known as "Ashkenaz" were known for their halakhic learning , and Talmudic studies . They were criticized by Sephardim and other Jewish scholars in Islamic lands for their lack of expertise in Jewish jurisprudence ( dinim ) and general ignorance of Hebrew linguistics and literature.  Yiddish emerged as a result of Judeo-Latin language contact with various High German vernaculars in the medieval period.  It is a Germanic language written in Hebrew letters, and heavily influenced by Hebrew and Aramaic , with some elements of Romance and later Slavic languages .